In the 1860s, Daniel Hess created what is recognized as the first genuine vacuum cleaner, operating by drawing dust through the machine using air. Despite Ives McGaffey’s attempt in 1869 to refine the concept, his design proved more cumbersome than traditional brooms.
A pivotal advancement in vacuum cleaner technology emerged from James Murray Spangler, a janitor in Canton, Ohio. In 1907, after considerable effort and sacrifice, he patented an innovative design that was both upright and portable. This design featured a ceiling fan motor, paddle blades for airflow, a leather belt, and a motor-driven rotating brush, effectively sucking up dirt and expelling it into an attached pillowcase.
Spangler’s invention laid the foundation for the modern vacuum cleaner. However, facing financial challenges, he sold his company to his cousin, Susan Hoover, marking the inception of the renowned Hoover brand.
This captivating journey from brooms to contemporary vacuum cleaners like the Roomba® serves as a striking example of the relentless pace of change and innovation. It stands as a testament to human creativity and the perpetual quest to enhance life through technological advancements.